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Al Makassed, Beirut Islamic Society of Benevolent Intentions, A Patron of Modern Architecture

Jul 16 – Aug 2, 2019
Beirut, Lebanon
Research Question
Building on the work of previous summers’ Beirut workshops (Rue Hamra, a Case of Urban Resilience, and Building Yacoubian, A Social Biopsy of Modernist Architecture), this summer’s workshop will continue to focus on documenting and narrating the project of modernism on the ‘periphery,’ utilizing the Makassed Islamic schools’ modernist campuses in Beirut. Makassed, a local Islamic society with a reformed Islamic school program, was formed at the turn of the 20th century. The sectarian learning institution was originally housed in a structure adjoining the residences of its founders, located in the heart of Beirut. The Makassed schools quickly proliferated across the territory of modern-day Lebanon, characterized by their modernist slab building typology. The institution has ultimately exerted considerable influence on the modernization and advancement of comparable educational initiatives in the Middle East region.
Methodology

Tour, Survey, document

The workshop will start by touring several modernist educational and religious buildings around Lebanon. These sites will include buildings designed by European architects, such as Jacques Liger Belair’s Our Lady of Unity church (1965); and buildings designed by Lebanese modernist architects, such as Assem Salam’s Khashoggi Mosque (1981). We will also visit modernist Christian schools, including the Collège Protestant Français School (1961) designed by French modernist architect Michel Ecochard, who practiced extensively in the Middle East and North Africa during the colonial and post-colonial periods.

We will then focus on surveying and documenting the evolution of three Makassed campuses located in three different neighborhoods in Beirut. Each of the selected campuses has a modernist building addition, constructed towards the end of the 1950s. The three campuses’ modernist additions, designed by Said Hejal and Amin Bizri, were added to existing historic madrassas and mosque structures. They reflect a long standing Makassed concerns with ‘universalistic’ values, utilizing architecture and its attendant programmatic and social capacities to pursue a progressive communal agenda.

Working with an environmental engineer from the American University of Beirut (AUB) and with access to the archive of the Arab Center for Architecture (ACA), students will research and uncover the architecture and urban history of the three Makassed campuses, including the campus grounds and landscape. We will survey their current conditions (physical, environmental and programmatic), and document their evolution and transformation across the period of the sectarian Lebanese civil war.

Output and Findings

Exhibition at ACA

The 2.5 week workshop will culminate in a series of interpretive, comparative and quantitative drawings that narrate the modernist legacy of Makassed. The final output will be exhibited at the Arab Center for Architecture in Beirut.

Credits

Faculty
Ziad Jamaleddine

Teaching Assistant
Mayssa Jallad

Partner Institutions
Arab Center for Architecture, George Arbid
American University of Beirut, Aram Yeretzian

Other 2019 workshops

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2019 Workshop - Zurich, Switzerland
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2019 Workshop - Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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2019 Workshop - Havana, Cuba
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2019 Workshop - Circular Cities, London, UK
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