AIA CES Credits
AV Office
Abstract Publication
Academic Affairs
Academic Calendar, Columbia University
Academic Calendar, GSAPP
Admissions Office
Advanced Standing Waiver Form
Alumni Board
Alumni Office
Anti-Racism Curriculum Development Award
Architecture Studio Lottery
Avery Library
Avery Review
Avery Shorts


STEM Designation
Satisfactory Academic Progress
Skill Trails
Student Affairs
Student Awards
Student Conduct
Student Council (All Programs)
Student Financial Services
Student Health Services at Columbia
Student Organization Handbook
Student Organizations
Student Services Center
Student Services Online (SSOL)
Student Work Online
Studio Culture Policy
Studio Procedures
Summer Workshops
Support GSAPP
This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Columbia University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the Columbia University Website Cookie Notice Group 6
Arch hwang hannahstollery camillenewton sp21 01 blackdirtcollage cover

Black Dirt Sanctuaries

The Black Dirt region in Orange County, New York has some of the most fertile soil in the United States and is known for producing onions and other organic produce for the tri-state area and beyond. From the perspective of the consumer, obscured by the illusion of organic and sustainable practices, these farms are hiding a very important social cost. Most of the labor is provided by migrant workers who are at risk of being exploited. Today 71% of farmworkers in the United States are undocumented. Many do not speak English and are not provided with proficient health, legal, and educational services. We are proposing a new network of sites and paths to provide agency and stability for migrant populations working and living in Black Dirt. Sites are dispersed throughout the farmland in patches, which will improve connectivity between farms but also create a network of bike and pedestrian paths for migrant farmers and local residents. We have designed five cooperative prototypes that combine an indoor farming technique, a secondary production facility, and community programming in partnership with local organizations. The design of each prototype responds to its programming and changes to address site conditions, therefore creating a new relationship between labor, agriculture, and living. These nodes will provide economic empowerment, address community needs, and allow migrants to live in Black Dirt throughout the year.