AIA CES Credits
AV Office
Abstract Publication
Academic Affairs
Academic Calendar, Columbia University
Academic Calendar, GSAPP
Admissions Office
Advanced Standing Waiver Form
Alumni Board
Alumni Office
Anti-Racism Curriculum Development Award
Architecture Studio Lottery
Avery Library
Avery Review
Avery Shorts


STEM Designation
Satisfactory Academic Progress
Skill Trails
Student Affairs
Student Awards
Student Conduct
Student Council (All Programs)
Student Financial Services
Student Health Services at Columbia
Student Organization Handbook
Student Organizations
Student Services Center
Student Services Online (SSOL)
Student Work Online
Studio Culture Policy
Studio Procedures
Summer Workshops
Support GSAPP
This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Columbia University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the Columbia University Website Cookie Notice Group 6
Arch bell leon esmaeel sp20 01 spatial sfumato sm

Spatial Sfumato

The project draws inspiration from a Renaissance painting technique called sfumato, used for softening the transition of colors or the edge between plastic forms and space. Further, the sfumato is a feature in three-dimensional objects (form) and space, differing from the chiaroscuro, which utilizes light contrast to achieve a sense of volume and plastic form. From the inside, the students experience a white often expanding volume. The push-and-pull effect caused by the “moving” walls and dancing windows, which frame unique views to the outside, acts as an educational apparatus for the kids.