AIA CES Credits
AV Office
Abstract Publication
Academic Affairs
Academic Calendar, Columbia University
Academic Calendar, GSAPP
Admissions Office
Advanced Standing Waiver Form
Alumni Board
Alumni Office
Anti-Racism Curriculum Development Award
Architecture Studio Lottery
Avery Library
Avery Review
Avery Shorts


STEM Designation
Satisfactory Academic Progress
Skill Trails
Student Affairs
Student Awards
Student Conduct
Student Council (All Programs)
Student Financial Services
Student Health Services at Columbia
Student Organization Handbook
Student Organizations
Student Services Center
Student Services Online (SSOL)
Student Work Online
Studio Culture Policy
Studio Procedures
Summer Workshops
Support GSAPP
This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Columbia University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the Columbia University Website Cookie Notice Group 6
Belvedere Castle Detail by Peter Maxwell Martin and Marcos Garcia Mouronte

Belvedere Castle Detail

After creating a permanently wet environment, Belvedere Castle begins to erode and lichen proliferates. This composite organism changes color in the presence of sulfur dioxide. Therefore, air pollution can be monitored from the vantage point of 432 Park Avenue. The design intervention is informed by the history of the Castle: a building originally conceived to be a ruin, is under constant restoration, and hosted NYC’s first weather station.