AIA CES Credits
AV Office
Abstract Publication
Academic Affairs
Academic Calendar, Columbia University
Academic Calendar, GSAPP
Admissions Office
Advanced Standing Waiver Form
Alumni Board
Alumni Office
Anti-Racism Curriculum Development Award
Architecture Studio Lottery
Avery Library
Avery Review
Avery Shorts


STEM Designation
Satisfactory Academic Progress
Skill Trails
Student Affairs
Student Awards
Student Conduct
Student Council (All Programs)
Student Financial Services
Student Health Services at Columbia
Student Organization Handbook
Student Organizations
Student Services Center
Student Services Online (SSOL)
Student Work Online
Studio Culture Policy
Studio Procedures
Summer Workshops
Support GSAPP
This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors' experiences. By continuing to use this website, you consent to Columbia University's usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with the Columbia University Website Cookie Notice Group 6
Up browdy froelich raquelpadilla garcia rujujoshi samanthasoana sp23 asa

NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGE IN NEW YORK CITY Evaluating Neighborhood Change from 2010 to 2019 in New York City

Research Questions:
Where is neighborhood change happening in NYC?
How is neighborhood change distributed throughout NYC?
What variables contribute the most to neighborhood change?

Defining Neighborhood Change

This phenomenon has been studied for almost six decades. In 1964, sociologist Ruth Glass coined the term ‘gentrification’ and she defined it as: ‘the invasion of working class neighborhoods by the middle class until almost all of the working class residents have been displaced’ (Glass, 1964).

Since then, the concept has been complemented and further developed to vary depending on the stage of neighborhood transformation (Melchert and Naroff, 1987), the population involved (Owens 2010) or even the location of the neighborhood within the city as a whole (Van Criekingen, 2003).

Furthermore, other authors have explored neighborhood change not only as a change in population but also as a change in the built environment and the economic dynamics of the neighborhood (Preis et al., 2021).

For this study, we considered neighborhood change as any significant variation in the neighborhood composition. The analysis has been carried out following the methodology presented below for an analysis of the neighborhood change between 2010 and 2019. We used census tract boundaries as an approximate spatial unit of the neighborhood.