31 January 2017
The Arthur Ross Architecture Gallery at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation (Columbia GSAPP) presents newly commissioned photographs by James Ewing alongside models of significant 20th-century buildings in the exhibition Stagecraft: Models and Photos. On view from February 9 until March 10, 2017, Stagecraft explores the synergy between architectural models and photography and the renewed relevance of model photography as a wellspring of architectural invention.
The Opening Reception and Discussion take place on Thursday, February 9, 2017 at 6pm. Kenneth Frampton and James Ewing will be in conversation with Dean Amale Andraos and Director of Exhibitions Irene Sunwoo.
James Ewing’s photographs invite a reexamination of how architectural creativity and thinking unfold through the picturing of objects and the crafting of images. Using the Ross Gallery as a photographic studio for several weeks, Ewing experimented with a range of lighting, framing and staging techniques that drew upon his research on the history of model photography. Ewing specifically studied the archive of the model photographer Louis Checkman, located at the Avery Drawings & Archives Collection at Columbia University, took inspiration from the methods of Balthazar Korab and Ezra Stoller, and exchanged ideas with Jock Pottle, a prolific architectural model photographer active during the 1990s and early 2000s.
James Ewing describes his interest in reviving this hybrid mode of architectural representation: “Before the rise of computer renderings, model photography was a really vital part of the ecosystem of architectural representation. There is a strong craft tradition of photographing models – just as there is a strong craft tradition of making models and making buildings. This project was a rediscovery of how those traditions are intertwined.”
Stagecraft: Models and Photos includes 14 photographs by James Ewing, with multiple interpretations of the six models. Rather than realistic constructions that simulate buildings, Ewing’s images instead offer a meditation on how the intersection of material and visual modes of representation can prompt new ways of seeing, understanding and talking about architecture.
As photographic subjects, the models themselves were a unique provocation. Illustrating structural details rather than whole buildings, the models were made during the 1990s and early 2000s by Columbia GSAPP students of Professor Kenneth Frampton as a pedagogical exploration of the history of architectural tectonics. “One of the key aspects of architecture is the fact that it is constructed. My argument is that by making a didactic model, the students internalize the intrinsic nature of the work. It was important that the model should somehow exemplify the idea of its constructive poetic,” said Professor Frampton.
Made by teams of students between 1993 and 2004, the models represent the following buildings:
- Le Corbusier, Pavillon des Temps Nouveaux, Paris, France, 1937
- Norman Foster, Renault Distribution Center, Swindon, UK, 1982
- Gerrit Rietveld, Schröder House, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1924
- Jørn Utzon, Bagsværd Church, Bagsværd, Denmark, 1976
- Frank Lloyd Wright, Samuel Freeman House, Los Angeles, USA, 1924
- Peter Zumthor, Saint Benedict Chapel, Sumvitg, Switzerland, 1988
“This exhibition allows us to revisit a set of models that have long peppered the halls of our School,” said Columbia GSAPP Dean Amale Andraos. “They serve as an integral part of Professor Kenneth Frampton’s pedagogical project to teach both architecture and architectural history. While offering a critique of the ways in which architectural history is normally taught, the process of building models allows students to access knowledge about architecture through making it again.”
The exhibition is curated by Irene Sunwoo, Columbia GSAPP Director of Exhibitions, and Adam Bandler, Assistant Director of Exhibitions. “It has been a pleasure to work with James Ewing on this project,” said Irene Sunwoo. “The resulting exhibition demonstrates how the Ross Gallery can foster the creative production of new projects that give architects and artists an opportunity to push their practice further, while also generating timely conversations on architectural issues that resonate with GSAPP’s research and teaching.”