2,150 years ago, the world experienced an incredible event. For 20 years, a small village in the Hispania Plateau resisted the most powerful army in the world. Classical authors paid homage to this remarkable feat as a comprehensive historical symbol, legend, and factual myth. Numancia perished in defense of freedom, dignity, honor, sacrifice, solidarity, unity, independence, nobility, and peace. Together with Rome, that gifted the law, cities, citizenship, urban infrastructure, language, and religion, with Greco-Roman and Christian culture, Numancia marks the origin of the history of human rights and democracy. Numancia is a hidden treasure reflecting the paradigm of liberty and universal human freedom that lie at the heart of our moral heritage understood as the best definition culture and what we now refer to as the “Fourth Pillar;” the cornerstone upon which to build an intelligent, sustainable world for the universal benefit of present and future generations.
AMALIO DE MARICHALAR Y SÁENZ DE TEJADA, Count of Ripalda (b. 1958, Pamplona, Spain) independently studied law, political science and sociology at the Complutense University, Madrid, and an MBA Agricultural Business, Instituto de Empresa, Madrid. His professional activities encompass sectors including innovations in the fields of insurance (founder of Armed Forces Peacekeeper insurance, Spain), international investment, foreign trade, real estate, and technology. He is Professor at the Society of International Studies (SEI, Madrid), Member of the Council of the European Environmental Foundation (Freiburg, Germany), and President of Soria 21 Forum for Sustainable Development. He organizes and participates in prestigious international conferences on Global Sustainable Development, Climate Change, and Corporate Social Responsibility including United Nations and World Bank initiatives. Marichalar proposes the understanding of culture and sustainability as the best moral inheritance of society, standing as the “fourth pillar” of development and the cornerstone upon which to support the healthy growth of present and future generations.