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ECHOING BORDERS: THE SHELTER, THE CAMP, THE CITY, AND THE STATE

The Spatialization of Forced Migration in Jordan and Turkey

FACULTY: Nina Valerie Kolowratnik (Columbia University GSAPP), Nora Akawi (Studio-X Amman), Merve Bedir (Delft University of Technology Faculty of Architecture / L+CC), Selva Gürdoğan (Studio-X Istanbul / Superpool); with Emre Altürk (Bilgi University Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul) and George Katodrytis (American University of Sharjah Faculty of Architecture).

DATES:
Amman: Aug 7 -16, 2014
Istanbul: Aug 17 - 27, 2014

LOCATION:
Amman, Jordan
Istanbul, Turkey

PARTNER INSTITUTIONS:
Archis, NL
Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey
American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
Visualizing Impact

COLLABORATORS
Nasser Abourahme, PhD Candidate, Columbia University MESAAS
Luigi Achilli, Institut Français du Proche-Orient, Amman
Yaşar Adanali, Urban Activist, Researcher
Ahmad Barclay, Visualizing Impact
Lilet Breddels, Archis, Amsterdam
Ayşe Çavdar, Journalist, Anthropologist, Adjunct Instructor at Izmir Economy University, Doğuş University, Istanbul and Bilgi University, Istanbul
Didem Danış, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Galatasaray University, Istanbul
Bertan Tokuzlu, Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Bilgi University, Istanbul
Emel Kurma, Helsinki Citizens Assembly, Istanbul
UNHCR-Turkey
Jawad Dukhgan, Program Coordinator, Studio-X Amman, GSAPP
Manuel Herz, Visiting Professor, ETH Zürick / Principal, Manuel Herz Architects
Saba Innab, Architect / Artist, Visiting Research Fellow at Studio-X Amman Lab
Samar Maqusi, UNRWA / The Bartlett, UCL
Alice Massari, Head of Mission, Un Ponte Per...
Samar Muhareb, Director, ARDD-Legal Aid, Amman
Madeeha Merchant, Spatial Information Design Lab, Columbia University GSAPP
Phillip Misselwitz, Professor, Chair of International Urbanism and Design, Department of Architecture, Technische Universität Berlin
Alice Su, Freelance Journalist, Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting


WORKSHOP SUMMARY:
The workshop ECHOING BORDERS: THE SHELTER, THE CAMP, THE CITY, AND THE STATE addresses the necessity for understanding and analyzing the evolution of 'temporary settlements' in relation to the place of the refugee in contemporary migration politics in the region.

Since the outbreak of civil war in Syria in March 2011, an estimated 9 million Syrians have fled their homes taking refuge in neighboring countries or within Syria itself, leaving more than 40% of the Syrian population uprooted. So far 600,000 Syrian refugees fled to Jordan and 800,000 to Turkey. Since 2011 Turkey established 22 camps for 200,000 Syrian refugees, Jordan just opened its third camp for Syrian refugees, Azraq camp, with a capacity of 130,000 people.

While other important academic endeavors attend to the urgent need for improved planning methodologies and design approaches of temporary settlements in response to war and conflict, in this workshop we will focus on the architectural typologies of temporary refuge (both in the camp and in the city), as reflections of the shifting notion of citizenship.

Participants will work with architects, geographers, anthropologists, lawyers, journalists and graphic designers on mappings and data visualization exercises of migration patterns in the region, and of the trajectories from the border to the camp or to the city, operating according to a joint timeline for both Jordan and Turkey based on the main events of war and conflict causing forced migration to both countries.

The workshop will be conducted in two sections: 10 days in Jordan, and 10 days in Turkey.

The accumulated data, mappings and visualizations developed through the workshop will contribute to the exhibition "The Good Cause: Architecture of Peace" (Volume #26) planned to open in January 2015 at Studio-X Istanbul, which will (partially) travel to Amman later the same year. The exhibition at Studio X Istanbul will be accompanied by a publication including the workshop research.

The workshop will contribute to the GSAPP Studio-X global research series on Security Regimes, which examines global spaces of exception, such as the camp.