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Architecture Inside/Out Symposium #02

Architecture and the State: 1940s-1970s

April 2, 2010

Presentations exploring the instrumentality of architecture and urbanism by the state and, conversely, the political agency of architecture. No tickets required.

Organized by the doctoral students in the Program in History and Theory of Architecture at the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation at Columbia University as part of the "Architecture Inside/Out" series. The conference is supported by the GSAPP and the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts.

CONFERENCE SCHEDULE:

Friday, April 2

9:30 Opening and Welcome
Mark Wigley
Dean, Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, Columbia University

Introduction
Marta Caldeira and Mara Gonzlez Pends
Program in History and Theory of Architecture, Columbia University

10:00 Mechanisms of Power: Architecture State Services and New Institutions
Moderator: Reinhold Martin
Director, PhD Program in Architecture, GSAPP, and Director of the Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture

Continuity amidst Chaos, the Reform of State Architectural Services in France 1930-1946
Tricia Meehan
cole doctorale Ville et Environnement, Universit de Paris 8/Institut Franais d'Urbanisme

Drafting at the State Design Office: Architectural Profession in Communist Poland
Anna Jozefacka
Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Going Soft: The Architecture of Community Mental Health Centers in the United States (1963 to 1974)
Joy Knoblauch
School of Architecture, Princeton University

11:45 Urban Critique as State Critique
Moderator: Ginger Nolan
Program in History and Theory of Architecture, Columbia University

Resistance and Progress: the Cultural Project of Lina Bo Bardi in the Northeast of Brazil, 1958-1964
Silvia Perea
Escuela Tcnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid

The Complex Relations between Social Criticism and the State in France (1970s)
Claire Carriou
Paris Ouest Nanterre La Dfense University

Milan 1944-51. The De Finetti Plan versus the Official City Planning
Francesca Fiorelli
Escuela Tcnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona

2:30 Domesticating Transitions: Refugee Housing Mobilized by the State
Moderator: Felicity Scott
Assistant Professor of Architecture, GSAPP, Columbia University

Exile and Absorption: Urban Representations of Refugees in the Idea of India
Anooradha Siddiqi
Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Unsettled Nationhood between Arab Houses and Public Tenements in Israel
Noam Leshem
The London Consortium, University of London

Designed Transitions: Ecochard, Doxiadis, and the Refugee Housing Projects under Military Rule in Pakistan, 1953-1959
Ijlal Muzaffar
Center for the Study of Global Change at Indiana University, Bloomington

4:15 The Predicament of Proclamation: Architecture as State Image and Instrument
Moderator: Luis Castaeda
Program in History of Architecture, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Architecture and the State: the Dictatorship of General Franco in Spain (in the 40s and 50s)
Ascensin Hernndez Martnez
Department of the History of Art, Universidad de Zaragoza

Whose Warsaw? Modernizing Development and Historic Restoration on the Same Side of Socialism
Ash Lettow
School of Architecture + Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Architecture and the New National Ideal Venezuela 1948 1958
Alberto Sato
Universidad Andrs Bello, Chile

'Boere Brutalism': Afrikaner Nationalism, Architecture, and the Imaginary of High Culture, 1948-76
Federico Freschi
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

6:30 Keynote Lecture
From Haifa to Stevenage: The British Avantgarde, Colonialism and the Welfare State
Mark Crinson
University of Manchester

Saturday, April 3
10:00 The US Advance through Architecture and the Quest for Modernity
Moderator: Kenneth Frampton
Ware Professor of Architecture, GSAPP, Columbia University

Writing the Spanish Transition to Democracy: AZCA, Madrid, Europe
Maria Prieto
Escuela Tcnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona

Modern Living in a Totalitarian State: Richard Neutra in Spain, 1956
Brett Tippey
Escuela Tcnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona

Sert Goes South
Ana Mara Len
School of Architecture + Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


11:45 Building Communism: Architecture and the Soviet Social Agenda
Moderator:Ana Miljacki
Assistant Professor of Architecture, MIT

Reconstructing German Cities and Citizens: Socialist Realism as a mission civilisatrice
Greg Castillo
College of Environmental Design, University of California at Berkeley

People's Park: The Agency of the Public and Landscape Architecture in Late-Stalinist USSR
Alla Vronskaya
School of Architecture + Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

A New Way of Life: Soviet Architecture's Communist Future, 1962-71
Richard Anderson 
Department of Art History, Columbia University

2:30 Scales of Reconfigurations: City, Region, State
Moderator:Daniel Barber
Program in History and Theory of Architecture, GSAPP, Columbia University

Showcases of Development. State, Urban Modernism and Regional Planning in Latin America, 1930s-1960s
Arturo Almandoz
Universidad Simn Bolvar, Caracas and Universidad Catlica de Chile, Santiago

The Infrastructural Metropolis: Lisbon 1940-1967
Joo Santos
Faculdade de Arquitectura, Universidade Tcnica de Lisboa

The Architectural Invention of the State of Israel
Zvi Efrat
Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, Jerusalem

4:15 Inner Colonization: Development Projects in the National Frontiers
Moderator:Ayala Levin
Program in History and Theory of Architecture, GSAPP, Columbia University

Notes from the (Last) Urban Frontier
Paulo Tavares
Goldsmiths University of London

The Contribution of Modern Architects to the Village Project on the Polder: Building a Social Welfare State through the Rural Development Project
Yasunori Kitao
Kyoto Women's University

"Conquering the Desert" in Beer-Sheva, Israel: urban expansion and architecture for the absorption of immigrant societies
Inbal Ben-Asher Gitler
Sapir College, Tel Aviv University

New Villages in Old Fashion Franco's Spain: The Quest for the Modern in an Isolated Dictatorship
Manuel Calzada Prez
Universidad de Sevilla

6:00 Round-Table Discussion
Concluding round-table discussion with participants and moderators on issues raised by the conference. Discussion moderated by Marta Caldeira, Mara Gonzlez Pends and Ayala Levin.