An Associate Professor at Yale University’s School of Architecture, Michelle Addington also taught at Harvard University for ten years and before that at Temple University and Philadelphia University. Her background includes work at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, where she developed structural data for composite materials and designed components for unmanned spacecraft. Addington subsequently spent a decade as a process-design and power-plant engineer as well as a manufacturing supervisor at DuPont, and after studying architecture, she was an architectural associate at a firm based in Philadelphia. She conducts research on discrete systems and technology transfer and serves as an adviser on energy and sustainability for many organizations, including the Department of Energy and the AIA. Her writings on energy, environmental systems, lighting, and materials have appeared in many books and journals; she is a co-author, with Daniel Schodek, of Smart Materials and Technologies for the Architecture and Design Professions (Architectural Press, 2004).

Michael Bell

Michael Bell is a Professor at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, where he is Director of the Core Design Studios. He is the founder of Michael Bell Architecture, based in New York City. His design work has been shown at The Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Venice Biennale; Yale University’s School of Architecture; the University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley; and Archi-Lab, France. Bell has received four Progressive Architecture Awards, and his work is included in the collection of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Books by Bell, published by The Monacelli Press, include 16 Houses: Designing the Public’s Private House (2000), Michael Bell: Space Replaces Us: Essays and Projects on the City (2000), and Slow Space (1998). He is a founding editor, along with Yung Ho Chang and Steven Holl, of the urbanism journal 32. Bell has taught at the University of California, Berkeley; Rice University; and Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design. In 2000–02 he led a team of architects to provide research, planning, and design for 2,100 units of housing on a 100-acre parcel of oceanfront land owned by the city of New York. The work was funded to assist in the city’s future planning and development goals. Bell also founded “16 Houses,” a low-income housing design program in Houston, Texas. Bell’s recently completed Binocular House will be included in Kenneth Frampton’s Rizzoli publication American Masterworks.


Roberto Bicchiarelli is Executive Vice President of Permasteelisa Cladding Technologies, LP, based in Windsor, Connecticut. Bicchiarelli oversees sales and estimating for the company—a division of the worldwide Permasteelisa Group—which specializes in the design, fabrication, and installation of facades for monumental buildings, in particular, innovative curtain walls and metal claddings. Among the firm’s projects in the United States and Europe are the headquarters of Goldman Sachs and the Hearst Building, New York City; Connecticut Center for Science and Exploration, Hartford; Millennium Bridge, Chicago; and new terminals for the Rome Airport. As a graduate student in architecture at the University of Rome, Bicchiarelli began working for one of the Permasteelisa Group’s Italian companies, where he ultimately became a Director and a Partner. Between 1995 and 1997 he established and managed operations for his own company in Germany. After Permasteelisa Cladding Technologies had been created in 1998, Bicchiarelli joined the operations in the United States to contribute as a liaison between the Permasteelisa Group companies and the recently established U.S.-based office. In addition to giving lectures and presentations, Bicchiarelli has led seminars for architecture students at the University of Pennsylvania, University of Virginia, and Georgia Tech University.

Albrecht Burmeister

Since 1988, Albrecht Burmeister has been a partner and Managing Director of DELTA-X GmbH, an engineering firm based in Stuttgart, Germany that specializes in lightweight steel structures, structural glazing, structural dynamics, and the use of finite element method (FEM) in the engineering design process. He previously worked on bridge projects at the Ed. Züblin AG headquarters and as a scientific assistant at the Institute of Structural Mechanics at the University of Stuttgart, from which he received a civil engineering degree. His dissertation was awarded the Professor- Fritz-Peter-Müller-Foundation Prize in 1987 by the University of Karlsruhe (TH), where he is an Assistant Professor of structural dynamics. He is also on the engineering faculty of the University of Applied Science, Rosenheim. Burmeister is a member of the standardization committee that oversees design and application regulations for the use of glass in buildings and civil engineering projects and directs the working group Bomb-Blast-Resistant Design (Fachverband Konstruktiver Glasbau).

James Carpenter

A leading architect in the development of new and emerging glass and material technologies, James Carpenter heads James Carpenter Design Associates, which has advanced architectural design by focusing on the integration of natural light into the structure and design of large buildings. The firm specializes in developing enclosure systems, glass structures, skylights, and building skins for major projects, which have included World Trade Center Tower 7, Time Warner Jazz@Lincoln Center, and the new MTA Transit Center at Fulton Street, all in New York City; as well as Gucci Tokyo.


Beatriz Colomina is a Professor at the School of Architecture and Founding Director of the Program in Media and Modernity at Princeton University. She is the author of Domesticity at War (ACTAR and MIT Press, 2007), Doble exposición: Arquitectura a través del arte (Akal, 2006), and Privacy and Publicity: Modern Architecture as Mass Media (MIT Press, 1994), and the editor of Architecture Production (Princeton Architectural Press [PAP], 1988), Sexuality and Space (PAP, 1992), and Cold War Hot Houses: Inventing Postwar Culture from Cockpit to Playboy (PAP, 2004). Colomina has organized the exhibition Clip/Stamp/Fold: The Radical Architecture of Little Magazines 196X-197X at the Storefront for Art and Architecture in New York and the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal. The exhibition will travel to several cities in the United States, Europe, and Asia, starting with Documenta 12 and the Architectural Association in London. Colomina is currently working on her next research project, “X-Ray Architecture: Illness as Metaphor.”

Elizabeth Diller

Architect Elizabeth Diller is a principal in the collaborative interdisciplinary design studio Diller Scofidio + Renfro, based in New York City. Among the firm’s current projects are the Juilliard School, Alice Tully Hall, and the School of American Ballet, for Lincoln Center; a park situated on the High Line, an obsolete railway running through the Chelsea neighborhood; and the Kopp Townhouse, a private residence in NoLIta. Diller Scofidio + Renfro’s new building for the Boston Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) opened in December 2006.


As a mechanical and facade engineer at ARUP, based in London, Graham Dodd specializes in the design, manufacture, and construction of structural glass and facade systems. He has led teams of facade engineers involved in all aspects of glazing design and contracting activity for projects in Europe, Asia, and North America. His expertise has developed the firm’s knowledge of the structural use of glass and Dodd has contributed his specialist skills to numerous innovative projects for ARUP. His early experience with varied industries has resulted in knowledge of a wide range of materials, manufacturing, and product-design processes. Dodd has worked in the field of glass structures and design since 1988.


Kenneth Frampton is the Ware Professor of Architecture at the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation at Columbia University. He trained as an architect at the Architectural Association School of Architecture, London, and has worked as an architect and architectural historian and critic in England, Israel, and the United States. He is the author of such distinguished books as Modern Architecture: a Critical History (1980), Modern Architecture and the Critical Present (1980), Studies in Tectonic Culture (1995), American Masterworks (1995), Le Corbusier (2002), and Labor, Work and Architecture (2002). An updated and expanded fourth edition of Modern Architecture: A Critical History was released in the summer of 2007.


Laurie Hawkinson is a partner of Smith- Miller + Hawkinson Architects—a New York City-based architecture and urban planning firm. The firm’s projects include the expansion of the Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York; the Museum of Women’s History and the Wall Street Ferry Terminal at Pier 11, both in New York City; and the Outdoor Cinema and Amphitheater at the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh. The firm was a finalist for the Olympic Village Design Competition sponsored by the NY C 2012 Olympic Committee. Among its current projects are the U.S. Land Ports of Entry at Champlain and Massena, New York, for the General Services Administration. Hawkinson is also a Professor of Architecture at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation.


Robert Heintges is principal of Heintges & Associates, an international consulting firm that provides a wide range of services to architects and building owners for the design and implementation of curtain walls, cladding, and specialty glazing. Since its inception in 1989, the firm has consulted on more than 30 million square feet of facades throughout the world, including many high-profile and award-winning projects. Heintges is also an Adjunct Professor at the Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation at Columbia University, where he has taught since 1990. He currently teaches an advanced seminar and technical studio on the curtain wall.


Steven Holl has realized cultural, civic, university, and residential projects both in the United States and internationally. In 1976 he founded Steven Holl Architects, which currently operates offices in New York and Beijing. The firm has been recognized around the world with numerous awards and accolades, and its work has been widely published and exhibited. In June 2007, Steven Holl Architects opened the highly acclaimed Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (Kansas City, Missouri). Currently under construction are the Linked Hybrid mixed-use complex (Beijing, China), Nanjing Museum of Art and Architecture (Nanjing, China), Vanke Center (Shenzhen, China), Herning Center of the Arts (Herning, Denmark), and facilities for New York University’s Department of Philosophy (New York City). Recent international design competitions won include the Cité du Surf et de l’Océan (Biarritz, France), Sail Hybrid (Knokke-Heist, Belgium), and Meander (Helsinki, Finland). Holl studied architecture at the University of Washington, Seattle, and later in Rome, Italy, in 1970; in 1976 he undertook post-graduate work at the Architectural Association in London. An accomplished author, he is also a Professor of Architecture at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation.


Ulrich Knaack completed his architecture studies at RWTH Aachen. He went on to lecture in structural design and glass construction at the university, and in 2000 joined the architectural firm RKW– Architektur und Städtebau, based in Düsseldorf, where he was responsible for the design and planning of numerous large-scale and fast-track projects. He has taught at the University of Applied Sciences, Detmold, and in 2005 was appointed Professor of Structural Design at the School of Architecture/TU (Technical University) Delft. Knaack’s main areas of focus and research are facades, new materials, and industrial building methods.


Wilfried Laufs studied structural engineering and architecture at RWTH Aachen, Germany, where he obtained a PhD in the field of steel-and-glass structures in 2000, and continued his research with grants in Lausanne, Barcelona, and London, before joining Werner Sobek Engineering and Design in Stuttgart to work on the Bangkok International Airport project in Thailand. Since 2005, as Executive Vice President, he has headed the New York City branch of the firm, Werner Sobek New York (WSNY ), which focuses primarily on glass in high-end facades and landmark structures.


Scott Marble is a founding partner of Marble Fairbanks, based in in New York City, and a Professor of Architecture at Columbia University where he is the director of the Avery Digital Fabrication Research Lab. The work of Marble Fairbanks has been published and exhibited around the world and is in the permanent collection of The Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Nara Prefectural Museum in Japan. The firm has won numerous AIA Design Awards, American Architecture Awards, a Progressive Architecture Award, and, most recently, an ID Magazine Award. In 2005 and again in 2007, Marble Fairbanks was selected as one of 24 firms to participate in the NY C Department of Design and Construction’s Design Excellence Program and is currently working on several projects in New York, including a new public library for Queens. Marble Fairbanks: Bootstrapping, featuring recent projects along with critical essays on the firm’s work, was published in 2006 by the University of Michigan Press.


Reinhold Martin is Associate Professor of Architecture in the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation at Columbia University, where he directs the PhD program in Architecture, and the MS program in Advanced Architectural Design. He is a founding co-editor of the journal Grey Room, a partner in the firm of Martin/Baxi Architects, and has published widely on the history and theory of modern and contemporary architecture. Martin is the author of The Organizational Complex: Architecture, Media, and Corporate Space (MIT Press, 2003) and co-author, with Kadambari Baxi, of Entropia (Black Dog, 2001) and Multi-National City: Architectural Itineraries (ACTAR: 2007). He is currently working on a book that retheorizes postmodernism.


Detlef Mertins is Professor and Chair of the Department of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. From 1991 to 2003 he taught at the University of Toronto where he held the Canada Research Chair and directed the graduate program. He is a contributing author of Zaha Hadid (Guggenheim Museum, 2006), Mies in America (Canadian Centre for Architecture, 2001), Mies in Berlin (The Museum of Modern Art, 2001), and the English edition of Walter Curt Behrendt’s The Victory of the New Building Style (Getty Trust Publications, 2000). His publications related to glass and transparency include The Presence of Mies (1994); his PhD dissertation, Transparencies Yet to Come: Sigfried Giedion and the Prehistory of Architectural Modernity (Princeton University, 1996); “The Enticing and Threatening Face of Prehistory: Walter Benjamin and the Utopia of Glass,” in Assemblage 29 (1996); “Walter Benjamin and the Tectonic Unconscious,” in ANY 14 (1996); and “Transparency: Autonomy and Relationality,” in AA Files 32 (1997). He recently authored “Same Difference,” in Foreign Office Architects, Phylogenesis: FOA’s Arc (Actar, 2004); “Bioconstructivism,” in Lars Spuybroek, NOX: Machining Architecture (Thames & Hudson, 2004); and “Where Biology and Architecture Meet,” in Interact or Die! (NAi, 2007).


Christian Meyer is Professor and Chair of the Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at Columbia University. His areas of research include analysis and design of concrete structures, concrete material science and technology, structural engineering, earthquake engineering and structural dynamics, and computer analysis of structures. Meyer has consulted for organizations such as the California Department of Transportation; Stone and Webster Engineering Corp. in Boston; Weidlinger Associates in New York, Auton Computing Corp. in Edison, New Jersey; the U.S. Army Armament Research and Development Command in Dover, New Jersey; the New York City DEP; and the MTA Bridges and Tunnels in New York City. His published work includes more than 160 technical papers and reports on various topics in structural and concrete engineering, including a textbook on the design of reinforced concrete structures. Meyer received a Vordiplom from the Technische Universität Berlin, and MS and PhD degrees from the University of California, Berkeley. He is a registered professional engineer in Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York.


Guy Nordenson is a structural engineer and Professor of Structural Engineering at Princeton University’s School of Architecture. He is also a Faculty Associate at the Princeton University Center for Human Values. After studying at MIT and the University of California, Berkeley, he began his career as a draftsman in the joint studio of R. Buckminster Fuller and Isamu Noguchi in Long Island City in 1976. Nordenson has worked as a structural engineer in San Francisco and New York. He established the New York office of Ove Arup & Partners in 1987 and was its director until 1997, when he began his own practice, Guy Nordenson and Associates Structural Engineers, LLP. In 1993–94 he was a Loeb Fellow at Harvard University. In 2003 he was the first recipient of the new American Academy of Arts and Letters Academy Award in Architecture for contributions to architecture by a non-architect. He was appointed Commissioner of the NY C Art Commission in 2006 by Mayor Michael Bloomberg and the NY C City Council, the first engineer appointed since the Art Commission was established in 1898. N ordenson was the structural engineer for the Museum of Modern Art expansion in New York, the Jubilee Church in Rome, the Simmons Residence Hall at MIT in Massachusetts, the Disneyland Parking Structure in California, the Santa Fe Opera House, and more than 100 other projects. Recently completed or current projects include The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, the New Museum of Contemporary Art in New York, the World Trade Center Memorial Museum Slurry Wall bracing structure, and five major pedestrian bridges in Manhattan. Nordenson is active in earthquake engineering, including code development, technology transfer, longrange planning for FEMA and the USGS, and research. He initiated and led the development of the New York City Seismic Code from 1984 to its enactment into law in 1995. In 1996 he co-founded the Structural Engineers Association of New York. He was cocurator, with Terence Riley, of the exhibition Tall Buildings held at MoMA QNS in 2004. His drawings and models for the 2003 World Trade Center Tower 1 design are now in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art.


H. Scott Norville, a registered professional engineer in the state of Texas, serves as Professor and Chair in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Texas Tech University, which he joined in 1981. He received his BS Degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Toledo in 1974, and MS and PhD degrees from Purdue University in 1976 and 1981, respectively. Shortly after arriving at Texas Tech, he began conducting research on the strength of architectural glass and its behavior under extreme loadings. In conjunction with his research, he spearheaded the use of rational approaches in determining reasonable design load resistance values for laminated architectural glass. Norville serves currently as co-chair of ASTM Task Group E06.51.13 on glass strength, chair of ASTM Task Group F12.15 on blast-resistant glazing, and as a member of several other committees related to glass design. He also consults on blastresistant glazing design. Norville played an instrumental role in the formulation and implementation of the windborne debris impact standards currently in place for hurricane-prone regions. He is the author or co-author of numerous papers and reports addressing architectural glass strength and behavior as well as blast-resistant glazing performance and design. He is also a co-author of computer programs that facilitate architectural glass design, blast-resistant glazing design, and determination of wind loads.


Joan Ockman is the Director of the Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, where she has taught history, theory, and design of architecture since 1985. This year she also held guest teaching appointments at the Berlage Institute, Rotterdam, where she taught a master class as part of the Rotterdam Biennale; and the State University of New York, Buffalo, where she was Clarkson Visiting Chair. Among the many publications she has edited, her award-winning book Architecture Culture 1943–1968: A Documentary Anthology, originally published in 1993, is in its fourth edition. Her most recent publication is Architourism: Authentic, Exotic, Escapist, Spectacular, which appeared in 2005. In 2003 she was honored by the American Institute of Architects for distinguished achievement. She holds a professional degree in architecture from the Cooper Union School of Architecture and formerly worked in the architectural offices of Richard Meier and Peter Eisenman.


Toshihiro Oki is a licensed architect who worked in New York City for seven years before joining the firm SANAA, in Tokyo, in 2003. He is currently based in New York for SANAA and oversaw the Toledo Museum of Art Glass Pavilion to completion in 2006. He is currently working on the design for the New Museum of Contemporary Art in New York City, which is scheduled to be completed at the end of 2007. Oki received a BArch degree from Carnegie Mellon University.


Antoine Picon is Professor of the History of Architecture and Technology at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design where he is also serving as Director of Doctoral Programs. He has published extensively on the relationship between architecture, urban design, science, and technology, with a special focus on construction history and theory. Among other publications, he is the author of French Architects and Engineers in the Age of the Enlightenment (1988; English trans. Cambridge University Press, 1992), Claude Perrault (1613–1688) ou la curiosité d’un classique (Picard, 1988), L’Invention de l’ingénieur moderne (Presses de l’Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées,1992), La ville territoire des cyborgs (Editions de l’imprimeur, 1998), and Les Saint-Simoniens: Raison, Imaginaire et Utopie (Belin, 2003). In 1997 he edited a dictionary of the history of engineering for the Centre Georges Pompidou, L’Art de l’Ingénieur: Constructeur, entrepreneur, inventeur. In 2003 Picon edited, with Alessandra Ponte, Architecture and the Sciences: Exchanging Metaphors (Princeton Architectural Press, 2003). He recently completed a monograph on the work of the architect and engineer Marc Mimram.


Nina Rappaport is an architectural critic, curator, and educator. She is publications director at Yale University’s School of Architecture and editor of the biannual publication Constructs as well as of a series of books on studio work at Yale. She is the author of Support and Resist: Structural Engineers and Design Innovation (The Monacelli Press, forthcoming 2007), for which she received NY SCA and Graham Foundation grants. Her essay “Deep Decoration” appeared in 30/60/90 (Fall 2006). Rappaport has contributed essays to Architecture, Architectural Record, Praxis, Future Anterior, and Tec21. She has taught seminars on the postindustrial factory and on innovative engineers at New York City College and Yale, and is currently an Adjunct Professor at Parsons School of Design. She was a Design Trust for Public Space Fellow and co-authored Long Island City: Connecting the Arts (Episode Books, 2006).


Prior to her training in architecture, Susanne Rexroth completed MA studies in German Literature, History, and European Ethnicity at Albert-Ludwigs- Universität Freiburg, Germany. After receiving an architecture degree from the Technische Universität Berlin, Rexroth worked as an architect in the planning office Löhnert & Ludewig and at Langeheinecke & Claussen, both in Berlin. She served as a researcher in the School of Architecture and Design at the Universität der Künste in Berlin, where she also earned a doctorate for her work on the design potential of solar panels, with a focus on historic buildings. She currently teaches at the Institute of Building Construction,Technische Universität Dresden.


Thomas Richardson earned a BS degree in Chemical Physics at Michigan State University and a PhD in Inorganic Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. He leads a materials research team for the Windows and Daylighting Group, Building Technologies, Department of Environmental Energy Technologies Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (University of California, Berkeley). He also heads a group of chemists developing lithium batteries for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) program and another pursuing lightweight hydrogen storage solutions for fuel cell cars. His work in the field of electrochromic windows has concentrated on dynamic reflecting coatings that act as switchable mirrors in both the visible and near infrared regions of the solar spectrum. These windows have the potential to reduce energy consumption for heating, cooling, and lighting of commercial and residential buildings while at the same time improving user comfort and productivity. Richardson won an R&D 100 Award in 2004 for this technology.


François Roche is a licensed architect (DPLG) in France and holds a diploma 1987 Versailles, U.P.A. no. 3. In 1989 he founded R&Sie(n) with Stéphanie Lavaux and Jean Navarro, based in Paris. The organic, oppositional architectural projects of the firm explore the bond between building, context, and human relations. R&Sie(n) considers architectural identity to be an unstable concept, defined through temporary forms in which the vegetal and biological become a dynamic element. The firm is currently undertaking a critical experiment with new warping technologies to prompt architectural “scenarios” of cartographic distortion, substitution, and genetic territorial mutations. R&Sie(n)’s projects have been exhibited at the Tate Modern, London; Columbia University; University of California, Los Angeles; ICA, London; Mori Art Museum, Tokyo; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Musee d’Art Moderne, Paris; Pavillon de l’Arsenal, Paris; Orléans/ ArchiLab International Architectural Conference; and the Venice Biennale. Roche has taught at the Bartlett School, London; TU, Vienna; ESARQ, Barcelona; ESA, Paris; and the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Architecture. He is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation where he teaches an advanced studio.


Born in Geneva, Stefan Röschert worked with Ateliers Jean Nouvel, in Paris, and Skidmore Owings & Merrill, in New York, before joining the architectural firm Diller Scofidio + Renfro. He has worked extensively in the area of branding as a strategist, consultant, and designer for several New York- and Paris-based companies, and in1999 founded his own firm in Berlin (with subsequent offices added in Tokyo and New York), urbanautics, conceived with a broad focus on private clients in architecture, consulting, and design as well as on European competitions and theory. Röschert received his Diplom-Ingenieur in Architecture with distinction from the Technische Universität Berlin. He earned his MS degree in Architecture at Columbia University in 2001. He has been the recipient of numerous prizes, including the Briand-Stresemann Scholarship and the Erwin Stephan Award, as well as the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and Rotary International Foundation scholarships.


Jens Schneider is an engineering consultant at Goldschmidt Fischer und Partner, Heusenstamm, Germany, specializing in structural engineering. He was previously an engineering consultant at Schlaich Bergermann und Partner in Stuttgart, specializing in glass structures, and a scientific assistant at Darmstadt University of Technology, Institute for Structural Analysis, Department of Civil Engineering. Schneider holds a PhD in structural engineering from Darmstadt University of Technology and is the author of more than 30 publications on glass. He is a Professor of Engineering at the University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt, and has been a lecturer on steel structures at the Institute for Structural Engineering and Structural Mechanics at the university. He was also a lecturer on Glass Structure in Construction Engineering at the Hochschule für Technik (HT) Stuttgart.


Hans Schober has been the President of Schlaich Bergermann and Partner (SBP) LP, since 2005. Schlaich Bergermann, a leader in glass construction, has realized various projects in Germany, the United States, Hong Kong, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Spain, England, China, and Italy. The firm’s work includes the design and detailing of pedestrian bridges, glass roofs, glass facades (including cable-net facades), bridges for high-speed railways, and rail terminals. In addition, the firm is responsible for the design and development of the unique free-form glass structures (scale-trans-surface) for the Berlin Zoo’s Hippo House; the Museum of Tolerance, Jerusalem; DZ Bank Berlin; and the New Trade Fair Milan; and developments in the design and manufacture of high-performance steel castings for highway and railway bridges. Most recently, SBP, New York, designed glass roofs and walls for the Time Warner Center and Moynihan Station as well as the antenna structure and glass walls for Freedom Tower. Schober was a Partner with SBP, Stuttgart from 1992 to 2005 and prior to that a structural engineer with Contractors Philipp Holzmann AG, Frankfurt. He received a PhD from the University of Stuttgart, where he served as a scientific assistant and lecturer at the Institute for Concrete Structures. Schober’s professional affiliations include VDI (Verein Deutscher Ingenieure), VBI (Verband Beratender Ingenieure), AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction), AIA (American Institute of Architects), and ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers).


Matthias Schuler is a Managing Director of TRANSSOLAR Energietechnik in Stuttgart. Trained as a mechanical engineer at the University of Stuttgart, as a scientific assistant at the university he participated in international research projects on low-energy commercial buildings. In 1992, based on this work, he founded the company TRANSSOLAR, a climate-engineering consulting firm, whose aim is to ensure in buildings the highest possible comfort at the lowest possible environmental impact. The firm today has offices in Stuttgart, Munich, and New York, and Schuler has worked on national and international projects with architects such as Kazuyo Sejima, Frank O. Gehry, Steven Holl, Ben van Berkel, and Helmut Jahn. Schuler, a co-author of Glasatlas (Birkhäuser, 1999,) is also currently a Visiting Professor in Architecture at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design.


Kazuyo Sejima founded the architectural firm SANAA, with Ryue Nishizawa, in Tokyo in 1995, after establishing Kazuyo Sejima & Associates in 1987. Previously, Sejima, who holds an MArch degree from Japan Women’s University, had worked for Toyo Ito & Associates. Among SANAA’s recently completed projects are the Theater for the Almere Cultural Arts Center in the Netherlands; Toledo Museum of Art Glass Pavilion in Ohio; Zollverein School of Management and Design in Essen, Germany; Novartis Campus Building in Basel, Switzerland; and Naoshima Ferry Terminal in Japan. Current projects include the New Museum of Contemporary Art, in New York; Louvre-Lens in Lens, France; Learning Center EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland; Vitra Factory Building, in Weil am Rhein, Germany; House for China International Practical Exhibition of Architecture in Nanjing, China; and the expansion of the Institut Valencià d’Art Modern (IVAM) in Spain. The firm has realized many major works in Japan, such as S-House in Okayama, N-Museum in Wakayama, M-House in Tokyo, K-Building and Koga Park Café in Ibaraki, O-Museum in Nagano, and the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art in Kanazawa, as well as stores for Issey Miyake and Christian Dior, both in Tokyo. SANAA’s work was included in the exhibition City of Girls in the Japanese Pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 2000 and in the Garden Café at the 7th International Istanbul Biennale, in Turkey. In addition, the firm’s work has been exhibited in Tokyo, New York, Vienna, Essen, and Valencia. SANAA was awarded the Golden Lion at the 9th International Architecture Exhibition at the Venice Biennale in 2004, and the 46th Mainichi Shinbun Arts Award (Architecture Category) in 2005. Sejima is also a Professor at Keio University, Tokyo.


Robert Smilowitz is a Principal in the Applied Sciences Division of Weidlinger Associates, based in New York, and Adjunct Professor of Engineering at the Cooper Union. He earned a PhD degree from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. Smilowitz has more than thirty years of experience participating in the protective design and vulnerability studies of numerous federal courthouses, federal office buildings, embassy structures, airline terminals, and commercial properties. He analyzed the World Trade Center underground parking garage slabs in response to the 1993 bombing; analyzed the Khobar Towers, in Saudi Arabia, in response to a terrorist vehicle bomb attack; served as a member of the ASCE/FEMA World Trade Center Building Performance Study; and developed protective design retrofits of the Pentagon facade related to the aircraft impact of September 11, 2001. Smilowitz also has participated in the explosive testing of full-scale curtainwall systems and is a principal developer of analysis software for evaluating curtain-wall response to an explosive terrorist threat. He is GSA National Peer Professional, a National Associate of the National Academies, and a registered professional engineer in New York and California.


Trained as both an architect and as a structural engineer, Werner Sobek has been a Professor at the University of Stuttgart since 1995. He has headed the University’s Institute for Lightweight Structures and Conceptual Design since 2000, succeeding Frei Otto. He is also the founder of Werner Sobek Engineering and Design, one of the leading engineering consultancies worldwide. The firm, established in 1992, currently has offices in Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Moscow, and New York. Sobek holds a PhD in structural engineering from the University of Stuttgart and previously worked at Schlaich, Bergermann und Partner in Stuttgart. In 2004 his work was the subject of an exhibition entitled Show Me the Future, held at the Pinakothek der Moderne Museum in Munich.


Richard Tomasetti is Chairman of Thornton Tomasetti, Inc., based in New York, an international engineering firm that has provided structural engineering for the world’s two tallest buildings in the world— the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur and Taipei 101 in Taiwan—as well as for the recently completed New York Times Building in New York City. Many of his firm’s projects include innovative uses of glass for aquariums, winter gardens, atriums, curtain walls, and protective design. Among his numerous honors and awards are election to the National Academy of Engineering, the 2006 AIA NY Chapter Award, and the New York Association of Consulting Engineers’ 2002 Engineer of the Year Award. Tomasetti is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at Columbia University and at New York University. He is also an active author, lecturer, and recognized investigator of structures in distress.


Bernhard Weller is a Professor of Civil Engineering and Director of the Institute of Building Construction at the Technische Universität Dresden. His areas of expertise include the design and testing of glass structures and building skins. A main focus of his research is the structural use of glass and glass bonding. After earning a degree in civil engineering at RWTH Aachen, Weller worked as an engineering consultant in structural design, after which he was appointed Professor of Building Construction at the Technische Universität Dresden. In 2005 he was a Visiting Professor at Columbia University in New York.


Since 2004, Mark Wigley has served as Dean of Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. Prior to joining Columbia in 2000 as Director of Advanced Studios, Wigley taught from 1987 to 1999 at Princeton University. He received both his BArch (1979) and PhD (1987) degrees from the University of Auckland, New Zealand. Wigley has also served as guest curator for exhibitions at The Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Drawing Center, New York; Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal; and Witte de With Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam. An accomplished scholar and design teacher, he has written extensively on the theory and practice of architecture, and is the author of The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida’s Haunt (MIT Press, 1993); White Walls, Designer Dresses: The Fashioning of Modern Architecture (MIT Press, 1995); and Constant’s New Babylon: The Hyper- Architecture of Desire (Uitgeverij 010, 1998). In addition to numerous essays on art and architecture, he co-edited, with Catherine de Zegher, The Activist Drawing: Situationist Architectures From Constant’s New Babylon to Beyond (MIT Press, 2001) and is one of the founding editors of Volume magazine.

Convened by:
The Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation,
Columbia University in the City of New York
Mark Wigley, Dean

In Collaboration with:
The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science
Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University
Christian Meyer, Chair and Professor

Institute of Building Construction,
Technische Universität Dresden
Bernhard Weller, Director and Professor

Engineered Transparency has been generously underwritten by the exclusive sponsor:
Oldcastle Glass

Exclusive media sponsor:
The Architect’s Newspaper

Download the Engineered Transparency Program

Notice: Undefined index: parent in /hmt/sirius1/skv0/lamp_webservices/lamp/drupal6/sites/all/modules/contrib/browscap/browscap.module on line 85